Vaccination against coronavirus in Spain, last minute

Complete vaccination: 80.98% (38,372,822 people)
At least one dose: 86.50% (40,986,943 people)
Booster dose: 48.93% (23,184,245 people)

Distributed doses: 97,324,172
Doses administered: 91,411,891
% admin: 93.9%
Dose per 100,000 inhabitants: 193,127
Additional dose: 23,184,245

Vaccination against COVID-19 in Spain has already reached the initial goal of immunizing 70% of the adult population with the complete schedule and is slowly moving towards the new goal, set at 90%, to approach group immunity. Today, more than 38.3 million people – 81% of the population – have received the full guideline vaccination against coronavirus. And there are more than 40.9 million -86.5% of the population- who have at least one dose, taking into account the injections administered to children from five to eleven years old.

The race continues and the autonomous communities have already put More than 91 million doses of Moderna, AstraZeneca/Oxford, Janssen and Pfizer vaccines -also in their pediatric version- against COVID-19 since the vaccination campaign began more than a year ago. Although the daily rhythm of vaccination of first and second doses slowed down in the fall, injections are now picking up due to booster doses and childhood vaccination.

Since the last report, more than 95,000 doses have been administered, part of them corresponding to pediatric vaccination, which began on December 15. Currently, most of the doses that are given are additional for risk groups. In addition, since November 15, booster vaccines are also injected to those who received the Janssen monodose.

Situation Summary

Spain registered the first million immunized on February 12, a month and a half after vaccinations began in most of the European Union on December 27. attending only to population over 12 yearsthe considered target population of the vaccination campaign, 92.8% have received at least one dose, while 91% have the complete schedule.

After the brake of the summer months, injected vaccines grow again from mid-October. They do so due to the implementation of the COVID passport in some communities and due to the approval by Health of the administration of booster dose for immunosuppressed people, elderly people in nursing homes, and people over 40 years of age, six months after the second dose and those who have been vaccinated with AstraZeneca, in this case three months after the last injection.

At the moment and according to the figures that the Government began to publish on October 6, more than 23 million people have received a booster dose. 78% of those over 40 years of age already have this type of vaccine and the proportion rises to 92% among those over 70 years of age. On the other hand, since November 18, 2021, Health has provided another piece of information: the percentage of incomplete guidelines, which is now around 6.4%.

Asturias was the first autonomous community to reach 70% of the population fully vaccinated in mid-August and now all regions have passed that threshold.

According to the latest update from the Ministry of Health, more than 97 million doses have been delivered in Spain. These include more than 200,000 provided to the Armed Forces and more than 12,000 for Foreign Health. Also four million pediatric doses that Spain has been receiving since November 13 and that are being used to vaccinate children from five to eleven years old.

Vaccination in Spain, by age

On December 15, 2021, the autonomous communities began to vaccinate children between five and eleven years old. Half of this group made up of some 3.3 million people already had at least one dose one month after. Nowadays, the percentage of children with the first injection is 56%.

The vaccination process began almost a year ago with the inoculation of the vaccine to people who live in residences, toilets and large dependents. Later, the campaign advanced by age groups. Thus, the vaccination of those over 80 began, depending on the community, at the end of February or the beginning of March. The goal was to complete their immunization to 80% by the end of March. At the end of April it was that the entire population of that age had received at least one dose; and at the end of May, his total immunization.

The vaccination campaign has been extended to the other age groups in a descending manner, although progress occurs before immunizing 100% of each group. Beginning in July, 30-somethings were vaccinated, soon after that dosing began for 20-somethings, and adolescents ages 12 to 19 began receiving the first doses in early August. Nowadays, all age groups of the target population have exceeded 80% of people with complete regimen.

The Government set in December 2021 a plan to intensify vaccination in the coming months. According to this, at least 80% of people between 50 and 59 years old would have a booster dose. However, with the latest data sent by Health, the percentage remains at a 75%.

Vaccination and its evolution, by autonomous communities

Spain reached 70% of its population with at least one dose on August 9, 2021 and on August 31, it exceeded that threshold of the population vaccinated with the complete schedule. August 12th, Asturias was the first community to vaccinate 70% of its total population Y 11 territories already exceed 80%. Aragón and Navarra have been the last to join, at the beginning of January 2022. However, the vaccination rate varies to a certain extent between territories, which include the different groups in their campaigns, defined and updated in the national vaccination strategy. vaccination.

Vaccination rate

The objective reiterated by the Government was have 70% of the Spanish population immunized thanks to the vaccine by the end of the summer of 2021. Just on the last day of August, the threshold of 33 million people vaccinated in Spain was exceeded. Before, in May, the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, stated that the country was “100 days away from achieving that goal”, but on August 18 – the date on which that deadline was fulfilled – there were still around three million of people to be vaccinated.

Since then, vaccination has entered another phase in which the focus is on rescuing people who have not been able or have not wanted to be vaccinated, including those under twelve years of age, and on reinforcing those already vaccinated. Thats why he President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, has encouraged reaching 90%; a percentage that could be reached well into the current year.

The Executive has also reported that Spain acquired more than 141.9 million doses by 2021, almost half of them from Pfizer/BioNtech (72.2 million). It is followed by AstraZeneca, with more than 31 million (waiting to receive the final figure for the third quarter from the manufacturer), Moderna (28) and Janssen (10.1).

To date, the Pfizer/BioNtech vaccines are the most regular in their distribution and those that are maintaining the bulk of the vaccination campaign in Spain, although the Oxford/AstraZeneca drug boosted the rate of vaccination after initial uncertainty. On the other hand, Spain will receive more than 18.5 million doses from Moderna between the second and fourth quarters of 2022.

Vaccination with AstraZeneca was suspended in Spain in mid-March, but later the Interterritorial Health Department gave the green light to administer it only to the 60 to 69-year-old group, although the Interterritorial has lowered that range and will also administer it to vulnerable people. Spain has purchased 12.2 million doses from AstraZeneca for the first three quarters of the year.

Following the results of the CombivacS trial – volunteers under the age of 60 who received a first dose of AstraZeneca were given a second dose of Pfizer or no brand; it was found that mixing both drugs was safe-, the Public Health Commission has decided that the communities should choose which drug to inoculate as a second puncture. Most of them will give a choice, but people who opt for AstraZeneca must sign a consent.

When is the maximum immunization of each vaccine

Refering to maximum effectiveness of the vaccines and taking into account the time that has to pass between the first and the second dose, the AstraZeneca is the one that takes the longest to reach it. Between 10 and 12 weeks must elapse between doses and it takes another four to achieve the highest protection, as published by the Ministry of Health. The Moderna vaccination process takes six weeks and Pfizer’s one month.

On the other hand, the vaccine Janssenwhich has already been approved by the EU and of which Spain will receive 5.5 million doses from April, achieving its maximum protection 14 days after the administration of a single dose.

Meanwhile, in the rest of the world, the rate varies according to countries and regions.

About this information

The data of these graphs and interactive maps come from the official reports published from Monday to Friday by the Ministry of Health.

The vaccination projection that calculates when the vaccination target of 70% of the adult population will be reached is estimated using a linear progression of the full regimens that takes into account that the first and second doses are alternated every week (except in the case of Johnson & Johnson’s single-dose vaccines). The calculation of the projection is made on Mondays with the data of the previous seven days.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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