Ukraine war refugees map

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This news is updated regularly with the latest information available

The war in ukraine has forced more than 3.7 million people to leave the country, according to the latest data released by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). What’s more, there are at least another 6.5 million internally displaced, that is, of people who have had to leave their homes and who have traveled to other parts of the country fleeing from the bombs. This UN body estimated that refugees from the war in Ukraine could exceed four million.

More than half of expatriates go to Polandwhich has already received more than two million refugees, but hundreds of thousands have also crossed the borders of Moldova, Romania, Hungary and Slovakia. Since March 13, UNHCR has only offered data on refugees who left through neighboring countries, even if they are already in other states, on the portal it has launched to report on this crisis. [Ver metodología]

On the other hand, the High Commissioner points out that some 13 million people in Ukraine are trapped in areas affected by hostilities and they cannot escape due to, among other things, the destruction of highways and roads. Nor can they leave “due to the lack of information on where to go to find security and help,” the UNHCR representative in Ukraine, Karolina Lindholm, explained in a videoconference from Lviv.

If the total number of people who have fled their homes is subtracted from the number of refugees, UNHCR is estimating that there are at least 6.5 million internally displaced, people have left their homes to escape the fighting, although without leaving the territory of Ukraine. Since 2014, there had already been 800,000 internal journeys.

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Also, it is estimated that there more than 271,000 people who have taken refuge in Russian territory, apart from the 113,000 who have already moved with this same fate from the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Lugansk in the days prior to the invasion, according to the UN body itself.

The countries of the European Union agreed on March 3, a week after the invasion began, to grant temporary protection to refugees arriving from Ukraine through a 2001 directive, approved after the Balkan wars. This will provide people who have fled Ukraine, whatever Member State they may be in, with a residence permit, access to the labor market and housing, and medical and social assistance for a period of up to three years.

In Spain, the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, has guaranteed the autonomous communities economic resources for the reception of refugees who arrive from Ukraine fleeing the war.

Poland

More than half of the refugees are choosing Poland for their flight from Ukraine. More than 2.2 million people who lived in this country have abandoned it towards this state of the European Union since February 24, according to UNHCR data.

Poland, which has deep historical and cultural ties with Ukraine, already welcomed the largest Ukrainian community abroad, with more than a million people, although, according to Efe, some unofficial estimates raised that figure to two million. At the beginning of the conflict, the Polish authorities expected the daily arrival of some 30,000 people from Ukraine, but this figure was completely exceeded from the beginning.

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Warsaw has enabled eight reception centers for refugees along its border, where orientation and temporary accommodation are provided if necessary. These service points are located in Medyka, Dorohusk, Krocienko, Budomierz, Dorohusk, Dolhobyczow, Zosin, Hrebenne and Korczowa. It has also launched a website with all the information in English.






Several Ukrainian women arrive with their children at the Przemysl refugee camp in Poland REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach

Hungary

Hungary has hosted more than 336,000 refugees, according to the UNHCR, some of them Ukrainians of Hungarian origin who lived in the far west of Ukraine. Hungary has five border crossings with Ukraine and several Nearby cities, such as Zahony, set up reception centers from the first days in public buildings.

Budapest has changed its legislation to allow entry into the country and grant the temporary asylum status to all those who “flee their homeland due to armed conflicts, civil war or ethnic conflicts”. Until now, asylum could only be requested at the embassies in Belgrade and kyiv.

Slovakia

UNHCR reports that almost 264,000 people have left Ukrainian territory for Slovakiawhich has promised to take in all people who “flee the military conflict” without the need for them to present a passport.

Five Continents – Slovakia, one of the countries hosting thousands of refugees from Ukraine – Listen now

The country has thus opened the borders to Ukrainian refugees and the Government has reported that they have 10,000 accommodation places for people who do not have relatives to receive them.

moldova

Moldova has so far received more than 376,000 Ukrainian refugees, according to data from the United Nations agency. The country’s president, Maia Sandu, has assured that they will receive “everyone” who asks them for help.

The Moldovan authorities established two humanitarian centers in the towns of Palanca and Ocnitain the north of the country, where refugees can receive “humanitarian, legal and food assistance,” reports AFP.

Romania

Romania has hosted more than 572,000 refugees from Ukraine since the Russian army launched its offensive, according to data compiled by UNHCR. Bucharest has removed the mandatory quarantine obligation for COVID-19 for people from Ukraine.

The busiest border crossing is Siretfollowed by that of Sighetul-Marmatiei, both in the north of Romania. Two reception camps have been set up in both.

In addition, Ukrainians resort to the land border crossing of Halmeu and to that of Isaccea, on the stretch of the Danube that separates both countries along the Black Sea, according to the Romanian Border Police. Refugees are also entering the country through Moldova.

24 hours – Kilometer queues to leave Ukraine through the western border – Listen now

Belarus

Bordering northern Ukraine, the country is an ally of Russia and not only hosts several Russian military bases on its territory, but one of the main fronts of the invasion was established from the Russian troops that left Belarus for kyiv, distant only 80 kilometers from the border. Still, according to UNHCR, 6,341 people have sought refuge on Belarusian soilaccording to the latest available data.

More than 92,000 asylum requests from Ukrainians in twelve years

Ukrainian citizens have made 92,095 asylum applications to European countries in twelve years, between 2008 and 2020, according to Eurostat data. The requests hardly exceed a thousand before 2014, but as of that year -with the accession of the Crimean peninsula by Russia- the requests soared to 22,405 in 2015. Last year they were something 6,040.

Spainspecifically, has received in these twelve years up to 14,630 asylum applications by Ukrainian citizens, but only 65 of them were before 2014. A year later it reached the highest number with 3,345 requests while in 2020 they already dropped to 1,115.

Only Italy (17,510) and Germany (14,630) have received more requests, according to Eurostat statistics, which collects requests, so the same person may have made several in different countries.

On refugee data: methodology

The The main source for the elaboration of this piece of the map of the refugees of the Ukraine war is UNHCR. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees publishes data daily on this statistical portal. The global figure given by UNHCR is the estimate of refugees who have crossed the Ukraine border into neighboring countries since the invasion began of Russia after collating different sources, mainly that of the border authorities of each State, and purging the statistics.

UNHCR also facilitates the country breakdown including Poland, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Slovakia, Russia and Belarus. The lines of the map of this news show, therefore, refugees who have passed through each country, according to data provided by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

The The sum of the refugees recognized by the authorities of each of these countries may be higher than the global figure because there may be duplications, people who crossed the border at one point but who later moved to other places. This is the case of refugees crossing the border between Romania and Moldova.

In the first weeks of the war, UNHCR It also gave the data of refugees who were in other non-bordering European countries, but as of February 13 it stopped giving it due to the difficulty of monitoring these people once they enter the Schengen area.

UNHCR notes on its website that before the invasion, up to 50,000 people left the pro-Russian regions of Donetsk and Luhansk for Russia between February 21 and 23.

For the internal displacement, UNHCR estimates have been used and the historical data on asylum requests come from Eurostat. The location of the border crossings has been provided by the High Commissioner and reviewed by the DadoRTVE team.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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