Ukraine War | Amnesty International denounces “extrajudicial executions”

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Amnesty International has denounced this Friday “illegitimate attacks” and “extrajudicial executions” during the war in Ukraine in towns northwest of kyiv and has demanded that the Russian forces be “accountable” before international justice for these “war crimes”.

“In a rare and even historic action, Amnesty International denounces Russia’s unlawful use of force as a violation of the United Nations Charter and as an act of aggression, a crime under international law. It is an action that is very rarely we adopt,” said Agnès Callamard, Secretary General of Amnesty International, at the beginning of the press conference on the details of a new report from the organization, which includes the results of its investigation on the ground.

Based on dozens of interviews and an exhaustive analysis of physical evidence, the report reflects at least 22 cases of “unlawful killing at the hands of Russian forces”, mostly alleged extrajudicial executions, in Bucha, and several other towns and villages to the northwest of the capital. Amnesty International has also documented that 40 civilians were killed in “disproportionate” and “indiscriminate” attacks on a neighborhood in Borodyanka, among other crimes.

“We know that the crimes committed against the population around kyiv that we are denouncing today are not anecdotal, we know that they are part of a pattern that has characterized the Russian conduct of hostilities from the beginning on a large scale and with a devastating impact,” Agnes Callamard has said.

Homicides in the north-west of kyiv

Following the Russian withdrawal from certain parts of Ukraine, an Amnesty International team has visited the sites of numerous killings and has interviewed residents of Bucha, which has become one of the symbols of the devastation of the war, finding dozens of corpses handcuffed in the streets and mass graves. It has also been addressed to Borodyanka, Novyi Korohod, Andriivka, Zdvyzhivka, Vorzel, Makariv and Dmytrivka.

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During the 12 days that the investigations have lastedIn all, he has interviewed 45 people who had witnessed the unlawful killing of their relatives and neighbors by Russian soldiers and another 39 who had witnessed or had first-hand knowledge of air strikes on eight residential buildings.

According to the report, between March 4 and 19, Russian forces killed five men in suspected extrajudicial executions in a compound of five buildings in Bucha. One of them was Yevhen Petrashenko, a 43-year-old father of two, his wife Tatiana told Amnesty International, who was killed while Russian forces were carrying out house-to-house searches.

She was in the basement and asked to visit her apartment. “Yevhen lay dead in the kitchen. He had been shot in the back, [cerca de] the lungs and liver. His body remained in the apartment until March 10, when we were able to bury him in a shallow grave in the courtyard”, according to his testimony in the report.

In the village of Novyi Korohod, 46-year-old Viktor Klokun was also killed. Olena Sakhno, his partner, has assured the NGO that some neighbors brought his body to her on March 6. “He had his hands tied behind his back with a piece of white plastic and he had been shot in the head,” she explained.

Al menos 20 cadáveres, algunos de ellos maniatados, han sido encontrados en las calles de Bucha. 

n”,”imgRatio”:1.4998636487592036,”seo”:”cadaveresyacen-calles-bucha”,”alt”:”Al menos 20 cadáveres, algunos de ellos maniatados, han sido encontrados en las calles de Bucha. “,”title”:”Cadáveres yacen en la calles de Bucha”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Mikhail Palinchak”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/cadaveresyacen-calles-bucha/1/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Cadáveres yacen en la calles de Bucha”,”encodedTitle”:”Cad%C3%A1veres%C2%A0yacen%20en%20la%20calles%20de%20Bucha”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/cadaveresyacen-calles-bucha/1/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/decenas-muertos-calles-bucha/1649011205298.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649011205298.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/decenas-muertos-calles-bucha/1649011205298.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649011205298.jpg”},”description”:”

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Las tropas ucranianas han encontrado decenas de cuerpos en las calles de Bucha tras la retirada de los soldados rusos. 

n”,”imgRatio”:1.4390556368960468,”seo”:”decenas-muertos-calles-bucha”,”alt”:”Las tropas ucranianas han encontrado decenas de cuerpos en las calles de Bucha tras la retirada de los soldados rusos. “,”title”:”Decenas de muertos en la calles de Bucha”,”sign”:”RONALDO SCHEMIDT/ AFP”,”source”:”AFP”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/decenas-muertos-calles-bucha/2/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Decenas de muertos en la calles de Bucha”,”encodedTitle”:”Decenas%20de%20muertos%20en%20la%20calles%20de%20Bucha”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/decenas-muertos-calles-bucha/2/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/fosas-comunes-encontradas-bucha/1649010965486.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649010965486.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/fosas-comunes-encontradas-bucha/1649010965486.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649010965486.jpg”},”description”:”

Un hombre señala una fosa común en la ciudad de Bucha, al noroeste de la capital ucraniana, Kiev.

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”fosas-comunes-encontradas-bucha”,”alt”:”Un hombre señala una fosa común en la ciudad de Bucha, al noroeste de la capital ucraniana, Kiev.”,”title”:”Fosas comunes encontradas en Bucha”,”sign”:”SUPINSKY / AFP”,”source”:”AFP”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/fosas-comunes-encontradas-bucha/3/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Fosas comunes encontradas en Bucha”,”encodedTitle”:”Fosas%20comunes%20encontradas%20en%20Bucha”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/fosas-comunes-encontradas-bucha/3/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/vehiculos-aplastados-bucha/1649011205487.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649011205487.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/vehiculos-aplastados-bucha/1649011205487.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1649011205487.jpg”},”description”:”

Los combates han dejado numerosos daños en infraestructuras y vehículos en la ciudad de Bucha.

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”vehiculos-aplastados-bucha”,”alt”:”Los combates han dejado numerosos daños en infraestructuras y vehículos en la ciudad de Bucha.”,”title”:”Vehículos aplastados en Bucha”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Oleksandr Ratushniak”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/vehiculos-aplastados-bucha/4/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Vehículos aplastados en Bucha”,”encodedTitle”:”Veh%C3%ADculos%20aplastados%20en%20Bucha”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/vehiculos-aplastados-bucha/4/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/bombardeos-makariv/1648893237121.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893237121.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/bombardeos-makariv/1648893237121.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893237121.jpg”},”description”:”

Vista del interior de un jardín de infancia dañado por los bombardeos en la ciudad de Makariv.

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”bombardeos-makariv”,”alt”:”Vista del interior de un jardín de infancia dañado por los bombardeos en la ciudad de Makariv.”,”title”:”Bombardeos en Makariv”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Serhii Mykhalchuk”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/bombardeos-makariv/5/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Bombardeos en Makariv”,”encodedTitle”:”Bombardeos%20en%20Makariv”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/bombardeos-makariv/5/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/bomabrdeos-guarderia/1648893177232.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177232.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/bomabrdeos-guarderia/1648893177232.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177232.jpg”},”description”:”

Los bombardeos han dañado un jardín de infancia en Makariv, Kiev. 

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”bomabrdeos-guarderia”,”alt”:”Los bombardeos han dañado un jardín de infancia en Makariv, Kiev. “,”title”:”Bomabrdeos en una guardería”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Serhii Mykhalchuk”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/bomabrdeos-guarderia/6/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Bomabrdeos en una guardería”,”encodedTitle”:”Bomabrdeos%20en%20una%20guarder%C3%ADa”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/bomabrdeos-guarderia/6/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/evacuaciones-melitopol/1648893237267.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893237267.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/evacuaciones-melitopol/1648893237267.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893237267.jpg”},”description”:”

Los pasajeros desembarcan mientras un convoy de 30 autobuses con evacuados de Mariúpol y Melitopol llega al centro de Zaporizhzhia. 

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”evacuaciones-melitopol”,”alt”:”Los pasajeros desembarcan mientras un convoy de 30 autobuses con evacuados de Mariúpol y Melitopol llega al centro de Zaporizhzhia.  “,”title”:”Evacuaciones en Melitopol”,”sign”:”AFP/ EMRE CAYLAK”,”source”:”AFP”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/evacuaciones-melitopol/7/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Evacuaciones en Melitopol”,”encodedTitle”:”Evacuaciones%20en%20Melitopol”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/evacuaciones-melitopol/7/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/edificios-danados-makariv/1648893177311.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177311.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/edificios-danados-makariv/1648893177311.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177311.jpg”},”description”:”

Residentes locales pasan por delante de los edificios dañados por los bombardeos en la ciudad de Makariv.

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n”,”imgRatio”:1.4998892089519167,”seo”:”edificios-danados-makariv”,”alt”:”Edificios dañados en Makariv”,”title”:”Edificios dañados en Makariv”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Serhii Mykhalchuk”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/edificios-danados-makariv/8/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Edificios dañados en Makariv”,”encodedTitle”:”Edificios%20da%C3%B1ados%20en%20Makariv”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/edificios-danados-makariv/8/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/imagen-bombardeos-makariv/1648893177399.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177399.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/imagen-bombardeos-makariv/1648893177399.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177399.jpg”},”description”:”

Residentes locales pasan por delante de los edificios dañados por los bombardeos en la ciudad de Makariv.

n”,”imgRatio”:1.5,”seo”:”imagen-bombardeos-makariv”,”alt”:”Imagen de los bombardeos en Makariv”,”title”:”Imagen de los bombardeos en Makariv”,”sign”:”REUTERS/Serhii Mykhalchuk”,”source”:”REUTERS”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/imagen-bombardeos-makariv/9/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Imagen de los bombardeos en Makariv”,”encodedTitle”:”Imagen%20de%20los%20bombardeos%20en%20Makariv”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/imagen-bombardeos-makariv/9/”,”via”:”rtve”}},{“imageFull”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/tanques-destruidos-kiev/1648893177527.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177527.jpg”},”imageMin”:{“url”:”https://img2.rtve.es/imagenes/tanques-destruidos-kiev/1648893177527.jpg”,”orientation”:”horizontal”,”file”:”1648893177527.jpg”},”description”:”

Un soldado ucraniano camina cerca de tanques rusos destruidos en las afueras de Kiev. 

n”,”imgRatio”:1.4992520568436798,”seo”:”tanques-destruidos-kiev”,”alt”:”Un soldado ucraniano camina cerca de tanques rusos destruidos en las afueras de Kiev. “,”title”:”Tanques destruidos en Kiev”,”sign”:”RONALDO SCHEMIDT / AFP”,”source”:”AFP”,”date”:”02.04.2022″,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/tanques-destruidos-kiev/10/”,”stats”:{“title”:”Tanques destruidos en Kiev”,”encodedTitle”:”Tanques%20destruidos%20en%20Kiev”,”url”:”https://www.rtve.es/fotogalerias/guerra-ucrania-dia-39-devastacion-bucha/218075/tanques-destruidos-kiev/10/”,”via”:”rtve”}}]” data-img_server=”https://img2.rtve.es”>

    Corpses lie in the streets of Bucha

    At least 20 bodies, some of them handcuffed, have been found in the streets of Bucha.

    REUTERS

    Dozens of dead in the streets of Bucha

    Ukrainian troops have found dozens of bodies in the streets of Bucha after the withdrawal of Russian soldiers.

    AFP

Air raids on Borodyanka

Another of the points on which the research has focused has been the town of Borodyanka. There, as explained in the report, on March 1 and 2, a series of Russian air strikes hit eight apartment buildings in the town of Borodyanka, about 60 kilometers northwest of kyiv, where more than 600 families lived. .

The attacks killed at least 40 residents. and destroyed the buildings, as well as dozens of surrounding houses. Most of the victims died in the basements of the buildings, where they had taken refuge. Others died in their apartment. One of those affected was Vadim Zahrebelny who has lost three of his relatives.

“My mother, and my brother and his wife insisted on staying in the basement because they were afraid that the Russian soldiers would shoot them if they went outside. About 20 minutes after we left, [mi hijo y yo] Building 359 was bombed and everyone died, along with other neighbors and neighbors”, he explained to the organization.

The organization claims that no fixed Ukrainian military target has been located in any of the bombed buildings or in their vicinity, although armed individuals supporting Ukrainian forces were reportedly sometimes firing at passing Russian military vehicles from or near some of these buildings.

Call for justice for the victims

Deliberate and “disproportionate” attacks against civilian objects constitute war crimes, Agnès Callamard has said. “Under the doctrine of common responsibility, superiors who knew or had reason to know of war crimes, but did not attempt to stop them or punish those responsible, those leaders should be held criminally responsible,” she continued.

Amnesty International representative has warned that international justice may not be “swift”for which he has urged the authorities to “manage the population’s expectations in a fair, transparent and truthful manner. There is a lot of politicization of justice and we have to protect the Ukrainian people from it.”

“Ultimately, how justice is delivered to the people of Ukraine will be key to not only winning the war militarily, but rebuilding the communities, the country and the world, where truth rules, where rules rule strength and where rights are maintained for all people”, he asserted.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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