*The information of this news was closed with 99.28% of the vote counted in Castilla y León
After the results of the elections in Castilla y León, we analyzed in DatosRTVE the data obtained by the main parties in all the municipalities of the community, based on different political, demographic and economic variables. Thus, it is possible to see the relationship between which parties the citizens of Castilla y León vote for depending on the population, average age or income of the municipality in which they live.
Castilla y León is the community with the most municipalities in Spain, a total of 2,248, so the graphs offer a wealth of data. In these elections, in addition to the state-level parties (PP, PSOE, Vox, United We Can and Citizens), four regional or local formations were presented with the possibility of obtaining a seat: UPL, Soria ¡Ya!, Por Ávila and España Vaciada , of which the first three have obtained attorneys. However, due to their interest, we also analyzed the data for the platforms of the Empty Spain, which was present in the provinces of Burgos, Palencia, Salamanca, Segovia and Valladolid.
In regards to the participationthe municipalities in which this has been higher have favored the right-wing parties, especially the PP and Ciudadanos, and also Soria ¡Ya!, Por Ávila and the platforms of the Empty Spain, while it has been somewhat more unfavorable for PSOE, United We Can and UPL.
For population density, highlights the particular success of Soria ¡Ya! in the capital of the province, Soria, where it exceeded 50% of the votes, or how the PP obtained more votes than the PSOE in the capitals of León and Salamanca.
For municipality size, the PP dominates the vote in rural areas, in municipalities with less than 500 inhabitants, which in Castilla y León are the majority, 1,800 out of a total of 2,248, although they only represent 12.2% of the total population. In the largest towns, from 5,000 inhabitants, the PSOE receives more votes, although not with a very wide advantage. Among the small parties, Por Ávila has obtained its best result in the provincial capital, as has Soria ¡Ya! (no population of Soria exceeds 50,000 inhabitants).
The median net income per household correlates positively with the vote for parties such as Ciudadanos, Vox, Soria ¡Ya! and Por Ávila, but also for a left-wing party like United We Can, so that in the municipalities with a higher average income per household, more votes are cast for these parties. On the other hand, in Castilla y León the trend is slightly downward and the PP has received high percentages of votes in localities with a lower income.
Taking as an indicator calculated unemployment rate, in the localities with more unemployed people, a greater vote for United We Can and the PSOE is appreciated. The Active Population Survey (EPA) does not provide the unemployment rate at the municipal level, but DatosRTVE has calculated an approximate rate based on the number of unemployed registered in each municipality in the SEPE as of December 31 in relation to the population of working age (16-64 years) in that municipality, according to the municipal census as of January 1, 2021.
An indirect way of verifying the influence of aging on the vote is to relate it to the proportion of pensioners in a municipality. In this sense, there is a greater inclination to vote for the PP and the UPL in the localities with a higher proportion of people who receive a contributory Social Security pension (most of whom are retired, although this section also includes people who receive pensions for orphans, widows, family favors or permanent disability).
The foreign population it is not a variable that is significantly related to the vote for one party or another in an autonomous community where only 6% of the resident population was born in another country. Segovia (11.63%) and Soria (9.82%) are the provinces with the highest proportion of foreigners registered in the census, and Zamora the least, with 3.7%. Valladolid, the most populated province, has 5.53% of the registered population born outside of Spain, according to the INE.
Interactive map: the results, municipality by municipality
In the following interactive map you can analyze in depth the results of the elections in Castilla y León: discover who has been the most voted party in each municipality and compare the results of 2022 with those of the previous elections of 2019. In addition, it is also they can compare duels between games by selecting them and discover who has won who in each locality.