The allies sign the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO

The NATO allies have signed this Tuesday in Brussels the protocol of accession of Sweden and Finland to the Alliance, after Turkey lifted last week, within the framework of the summit held in Madrid, its veto over both Scandinavian countries by reaching a greater commitment in the fight against terrorism. This is a key step for their membership in the transatlantic organization, although they will not be full members until the entry process is completed.

The signing took place at the North Atlantic Council, the executive body that brings together the 30 allies at the Belgian headquarters, and which was attended by the Foreign Ministers of Finland, Pekka Haavisto, and Sweden, Ann Linde. . “This is a historic day for Sweden and Finland“, Linde celebrated, who later thanked “all the support” they have received from the allies.

In his opinion, the signing of the protocol is “an important step” to be part of the full right of NATO. The next step is for allied countries ratify membership in their national parliaments, a process that could take a few months. Meanwhile, the Alliance is committed to guaranteeing your security during the transition period between the application for entry and the moment in which it becomes effective.

“We want to look to the future to have a Euro-Atlantic region safer and more prosperous together with our alliesin this way we will defend the rules based on the international order and the principles of democracy, freedom and the rule of law”, added the Finnish Foreign Minister.

For his part, the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, has assured that with the entry of Finland and Sweden into the Alliance, the transatlantic organization “will be even stronger” and the population of the allied countries “will be even safer”. “Today is a good day for Finland and Sweden and a good day for NATO. With 32 nations around the table we will be even stronger and our population will be even safer as we face the biggest security crisis in decades,” he said, referring to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

An agreement culminated in Madrid

Trilogue negotiations, facilitated by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and his team, culminated last week in Madrid with an agreement ending a month-long blockade by Turkey. Ankara accused Helsinki and Stockholm to protect terrorist groups, mainly the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). Although, finally, after hours of meeting, the three countries agreed to “fully cooperate in the fight against the PKK and its extensions.”

The truth is that the war in Ukraine has meant a radical change in the international politics of these two countries. Sweden has broken a neutrality that it had maintained for the last two centuries to become part of the Western military bloc, with which it had previously collaborated, while Finland has taken this step pushed by the threat of Russia, a country with which it shares more of a thousand kilometers of border and a complex history.

Russia’s reaction has not been long in coming. His deputy foreign minister, Sergey Riabkov, said that Moscow considers the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO as a “particularly destabilizing” factor. “Our position is known. It does not change. We consider the enlargement of the Atlantic Alliance as a particularly destabilizing factor at the international level”, stressed the Russian deputy minister.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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