In 2020 there were 3,941 deaths from suicide or self-inflicted injuries in Spain, the highest figure in the last four decades, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE). But nevertheless, Spain does not have a National Suicide Prevention Plan and the health system offers up to 79 days of waiting, according to Save the Children, for the first appointment with a psychologist in communities like Murcia. Reasons why resources such as guides, hotlines, apps and partnerships They can be vital both in preventing death by suicide and in helping family members cope with grief.
At the idea of suicide
Faced with suicidal thoughts, the main thing is to look for someone to talk to. As you remember the AIPIS-FAeDS Network Self-Help GuideIt can be a friend, a relative, a doctor, a psychologist, a psychiatrist, a nurse, a social worker or another professional you trust. The important thing is to transfer the concerns to other people concerns.
“Don’t keep your thoughts about suicide a secret”, experts recommend. For this, another resource is the guide on suicide prevention from the Andalusian Regional Government Health Department.
If care is needed quickly, you can go to your hospital emergencies nearest or call the following Telephone numbers:
- Emergency Services through 112 (SAMUR, SUMMA)
- International Association of the Telephone of Hope: 717 003 717
- Anti-suicide telephone of the Barandilla Association: 911 385 385
- Suicide Prevention Phone: 900 925 555
- Helpline for Minors of the ANAR Foundation: 900 20 20 10
- Esperanza Bizkaia Telephone: 944 100 944
- Telephone of Hope Gipuzkoa: 900 840 845
You can also download these two Applications as a complement to overcome intrusive thoughts and suicidal ideation, both recommended by Papageno, the platform for professionals involved in suicide prevention:
- Prevensuic: It is part of a prevention, dissemination and training program of the Spanish Foundation for Suicide Prevention that also includes a dissemination website, two courses and a practical guide. Its objective is to facilitate the approach to suicidal behavior between professionals and the people who present it and their relatives, always in a controlled and supervised therapeutic context. In it you can develop a Safety Plan to keep you safe.
- CALM DOWN: an application specifically designed for young people, in Spanish and Portuguese, that addresses both crisis and non-crisis situations. The tool promotes activities aimed at reducing vulnerability to avoid the appearance of new crises and provides strategies to help you in those moments, such as storing photos, audios, videos, and phrases, which serve to generate well-being and function as an anchor to life .
The Security Forces and Bodies of the State can also go to Angels of Blue and Green (angelesdeazulyverde.org), a project that aims to establish a network of volunteers, members of the National Police and the Civil Guard, as well as psychologists and psychiatrists, to detect professionals who are going through a difficult time and guide them in everything that psychological well-being is concerned.
To face the suicide grief
To cope with the suicide of a loved one, the Guide for Family Members Bereaved by Suicide, created by three professionals from the RedAIPIS-FAeDS Association, is aimed at all survivors. Topics such as myths, guilt, and different emotions during grief can be of great help.
Other similar resources recommended by the Basque Association of Suicidiology (AIDATU) are The day after the suicide of a relative or close friend, Facing the reality of suicide, Survivors of a suicide and Suicidal behavior: information for patients, relatives and friends.
Likewise, the following associations and their support groups are places to share experiences that can be healing both for those close to you and for people who have suicidal ideation:
- Alaia (Madrid): is a non-profit association, founded in 1998, that offers support groups and accompaniment in grief. The headquarters telephone number is 915 49 47 56, It also has the email address: [email protected]
- Papageno.es: is a professional, free and confidential suicide prevention portal that aims to raise awareness about suicide myths, fight against stigma and taboo, train professionals on suicide prevention, advise people with suicidal ideation, support groups vulnerable and survivors. They have a help group in Cádiz (633 169 129).
- Catalan Association for Suicide Prevention (ACPS): located in Barcelona, it offers a point of care for relatives and friends, but also care for people at risk. You can contact her through the number 934 19 19 95 or the email [email protected]
- By your side (Huelva): group of family and friends on the social network Facebook.
- Biziraum (Basque Country): a space of trust, communication and support for people residing in the Basque Country. You can contact the association by email [email protected]
- Family and Friends Survivors by Suicide of the Balearic Islands (AFASIB): 657 71 63 40 or through [email protected]
- Alhelí Association (Malaga): In Malaga, the Alhelí Association offers support during the grieving process for free and sustained over time to all those suffering who need us. His contact number is 645 68 88 90, his email [email protected]
- Green hugs (Asturias): In this association they believe that mutual support helps alleviate pain. In addition, they work to break the silence and the taboos that exist about suicide from the information. Their telephone number is 657 44 08 77, they also have the email [email protected]
- Valencia walk (Valencia): the Association ‘Caminar’ (676 19 78 06, 963747836 or [email protected]) is a non-profit and non-denominational entity that bases its philosophy on the unconditional welcome of people in mourning, active listening and accompaniment.
- Association for the prevention and support of those affected by suicide (Alicante): a space for accompaniment in Alicante offered by the email [email protected] and the linked Facebook account.
To train against suicide
Suicide prevention, as experts warn, it is a matter of the whole society. For example, teachers have this guide from RedAIPIS-FAeDS, which provides teachers with some knowledge on how to detect possible suicidal ideation in students and how they should act.
There is also a similar document from the same association for the health personnel and social facilitators, as well as a Clinical Practice Guide for the Prevention and Treatment of Suicidal Behavior.
For its part, the guide Live the life of the World Health Organization (WHO) seeks to support countries to implement key effective interventions, the Professional College of Psychology of Aragon has created an informative guide for the detection and prevention of suicide and WhatsApp offers a series of international resources, just like Facebook does.