According to the research the fate of coral reefs is at its worst with the growing global warming.
This study was published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in which it was written that increasing green house gases could possibly end the coral reefs in the upcoming decade.
The research was conducted by the marine biologists and team of other scientists. The data of 183 reefs around the world was analyzed and it was studied in accordance with increasing global warming and acidification leading to threat to the ecosystem.
The calcium carbonate that constructs the framework of the coral reefs are highly sensitive to the acidification. The climate changes are leading to ocean acidification affecting the calcification rate.
The global warming and acidification are caused by deforestation and excessive burning of the fossil fuels. This reduces the calcification rate of the corals and posses a great threat to them.
On the basis of researches done, it is predicted that by 2050 94 % of the coral reefs will be bleached and by the year 2100, the production of coral reefs will stop eventually leading to their extinction.
Scientists also say that the tolerance of coral reefs towards ocean warming and acidification is yet unknown. But if the coral reefs go extinct it would greatly affect the ocean ecosystem. They will not only affect the marine system but it was also affect the ecosystem
Coral reefs are one of the major tourist attracting components, they also provide profits to fisheries and protect the shore lines from harmful effects like storms etc. But if the global warming make the sea levels to keep increasing even coral reefs won’t be able to protect the shore line says the scientists.
According to the studies, scientists suggest that immediate actions should be taken to protect the coral reefs. Mainly the emission of Carbon dioxide should be minimized to control the ocean global warming.
Only staying away from the atmospheric Carbon dioxide, coral reefs can make up to their livelihood.