Miguel Caballero: “Lorca paid a high price for portraying reality in his works” | Culture


Miguel Caballero (Sierra de Yeguas, Málaga, 62 years old) is a historical researcher specialized in Federico García Lorca. Throughout his long career, he has published a wide series of books on the poet and his work. He presents his latest work to us: Lorca based on real events. The events that inspired his works, edited by Carpenoctem.

Federico García Lorca is one of the most universal Spanish writers, along with Miguel de Cervantes. And he was a great chronicler of the history of Spain in the early twentieth century, very turbulent years, with much political and social polarization, racism, envy, brutality and cruelty, which Lorca reflected in his works. “Although Lorca’s imagination could be great, he was telling the truth,” says Caballero in his book.

Lorca based on real events. The events that inspired his works It is a review of the most emblematic works of the Granada poet and the characters and real events that inspired them. Lorca observed reality, reflected it in his works, and this did not please those who saw themselves portrayed in them. Inbreeding relationships between families, corruption and abuse brought undesirable fame to many, which influenced their arrest and rapid execution.

Some families, like the protagonists of Blood Wedding, they have had to hide the tomb where the remains of the protagonists of Lorca’s works rest, fed up with the number of onlookers who come to take photos and remove a story that is often uncomfortable.

Caballero always contributes new data, documents, files, photographs. “Most of the files are accessible, but those of the Ministry of the Interior, which are reserved, it is impossible to access them. And that is where you have to keep looking for Lorca, in addition to Víznar and Alfácar, in Madrid ”, says the researcher.

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80 years after his assassination, Caballero has given names and faces to some of Lorca’s murderers. This says that it has brought him consequences, some threat of a lawsuit, but also a lot of gratitude for what he has revealed in his investigations. “Some descendants of those who made up the firing squad have admitted to me that their ancestors were there. Others, like the descendants of the Níjar crime, have thanked me for learning about a silenced story in their family ”.

Lorca paid a high price for portraying the reality of his time, for telling the truth. With Bernarda Alba’s houseFor example, it angered the Rodríguez Alba family and Lorca’s own father. Antonio Benavides, cousin of Pepe el Romano, a character in this work, participated in the murder of the poet.

“Without ruling out political motivations and homosexuality, Lorca’s death was determined by those quarrels that Lorca’s father had with those rival families,” says Caballero.

The Civil Guard also arouses Lorca’s interest in all his works. We see it in Death of Antoñito el Camborio. Or in the agrarian strike in the Jerez countryside in 1923, which inspired the Romance of the Spanish Civil Guard, which also influenced both the arrest and execution of Federico.

Miguel Caballero is not afraid, however, of angering anyone with what he exposes in his book. Nor to Agustín Penón, to whom he dedicates a chapter. “He is a character protected by the Franco regime, very poorly biographed. So I would give this book to those who have biographed it, so they can verify the facts and rectify those errors. “

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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