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The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the disease COVID-19, has caused to date more than 410 million cases in the world and more than 5.8 million deathsaccording to the independent count from Johns Hopkins University, which monitors the situation of the coronavirus with general data from all the countries in the world since the beginning of the pandemic.
The The world exceeded 300 million infections at the beginning of January and in just one month it has added another 100 million at a frantic pace of more than three million cases a day on average, figures never seen before in the pandemic, due to the expansion of the omicron variant throughout the planet.
The United States is the country with the highest death toll, with 919,000 deaths; followed by Brazil, above 638,000; and India with 509,000 deaths.
This is how the number of cases and deaths in the world evolves.
One year after the start of the pandemic, at the end of January 2021, the world reached 100 million infections. Twelve months later another 300 million have been added, the last 100 in just over four weeks. The country with the most infections in absolute terms continues to be the United States, followed by India and Brazil.
The recorded COVID-19 cases around the world between January 31 and February 6 have significantly decreased for the first time -17%- since the explosion of infections by the omicron variant, which caused weekly increases of up to 70% more cases in the last days of December. In the first week of February, a total of more than 19 million cases and nearly 68,000 deaths, 7% more deaths than in the previous seven days, according to the latest report from the World Health Organization.
At the regional level, registered infections have only risen in the eastern Mediterranean (37%)while in the rest of the world areas they have fallen, especially in America (-36%), Southeast Asia (-32%) and Africa (-22%). In Europe the decrease has been 7%.
As for the deathshave risen especially in Southeast Asia (67%) and the Eastern Mediterranean (45%). Only Africa (-14%) and the Western Pacific (-5%) have decreased while in America they have remained unchanged and in Europe are up 2%.
The countries that have registered the most cases are the United States (1.9 million), France (1.7), Germany (1.3), Brazil (1.2) and India, with one million. In the latter and in the first two, infections have decreased compared to the previous week, while in Germany they have risen and in Brazil they remain. The highest number of deaths has been recorded in the United States, India, Russia, Brazil and Mexico.
Begining of June, Peru conducted a review of their data which involved the incorporation of more than 115,000 deceased by coronavirus to its official statistics. With more than 208,000 registered deaths, the South American country has thus become the country with the highest mortality rate in the world.
All in all, the official count of COVID-19 deaths is certainly lower than the actual excess deaths. The WHO itself estimates that the real numbers of deaths from coronavirus are two or three times higher than the official count, due in large part to the collapse experienced in the health system of many countries that has prevented faithful monitoring of the impact of the disease.
Data by continents
In U.S, the hardest-hit nation, the arrival at the White House of Democrat Joe Biden marked a change of course in the management of the pandemic. On the other hand, China, the epicenter country of the outbreak, has contained the advance of the pandemic for months. Now in Asia The most affected country is Indiathe second most populous in the world, which has not been able to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2.
In Africa, infections accelerated in recent months. The continent adds 11 million cases and is close to 244,000 deaths, when the percentages of vaccination are still very low. And in Latin Americathe countries with the most cases are Brazil, Argentina and Colombia.
In Oceania, the tonic has been severe restrictions. Australiawhich has registered 2.9 million infections and more than 4,000 deaths, is experiencing the worst moment of the pandemic after keeping the virus at bay for almost two years. New Zealandwhich imposed a very strict confinement, declared the country free of coronavirus in the summer of 2020 and he did it again months later after controlling his active outbreaks.
The coronavirus, which has already left more than five million deaths worldwidehas, however, had a unequal lethality in each territory: Although the United States, Brazil and India are the three countries with the most deaths in absolute terms, the comparison between the deaths of countries with more than one million inhabitants in relation to their population reveals that Peru is the one with the highest mortality rate, with 629 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Spain, which came to occupy second place in this ranking, currently reports a rate of 204 deaths and is no longer among the twenty with the highest mortality.
The following graph shows the accumulated data of the pandemic in each continent and the proportion it represents with respect to the total. America accumulates 35% of diagnoses and 44% of deaths, while more than a third of infections and 29% of deaths have occurred in Europe.
However, this distribution has not always been like this. The virus has already circled the world several times.. Since the pandemic broke out in China at the end of 2019, the different waves of infections and deaths have affected the planet unevenly. Cases grew in Europe in March 2020, although the virus hit America soon, and in October the million deaths were already reached on a global scale. In January 2021, the coronavirus exceeded one hundred million people infected and a few months later it reached two hundred. The advance of new variants, such as delta and the recent omicron, has caused cases to accelerate around the globe.
The pandemic in Spain
The coronavirus spread through Spain from February 2020 and in mid-March forced to impose the state of alarm to try to stop the infections and alleviate the saturation in hospitals. For more than two months, the Spanish suffered one of the strictest confinements in the world, which did not prevent health services were overwhelmed in many places before flattening the curve.
With everything, Spain continues to be one of the countries with the most cases and deaths with COVID-19 on the planet and after a rebound of SARS-CoV-2 in the summer, it is in a better state, thanks in large part to the high coverage of its vaccination campaign. How is the situation now?
Methodology and sources
To prepare this information, data from the Ministry of Health or official sources of each country were used, which were combined with those offered on a global scale by the Center for Science and Engineering of the Johns Hopkins University in the United States. However, the latter is the only source of data for the graphs of this news since August 2021. However, the information from this body is periodically contrasted with official sources to ensure its accuracy.
To reduce the inconsistency of the data pending consolidation, the curves of cases, countries that have reported the most cases in the last 14 days and deaths only reach up to three days before the current date.
We use the definition of countries set by the United Nations: 193 countries, Palestine and the Vatican. Since last July, the graph of daily deaths per 100,000 inhabitants shows the countries that have registered at least 100 deaths and that are among the 15 most populous on each continent.
For its part, the table of cases and deaths of COVID-19 in the world orders the countries from highest to lowest cumulative incidence. To harmonize this measure in all latitudes, the definition of cases per 100,000 inhabitants notified in the last 14 days is used, whose evolution can be observed in the graph that accompanies each territory. The variation of the incidence is calculated with respect to the period of 14 days immediately after that contemplated in the main indicator. As for deaths, the deaths reported in the last seven days and their rate per 100,000 inhabitants with respect to the population of each country are shown.