Drinking a glass of wine with dinner ‘could reduce risk of type 2 diabetes’

A glass of wine with your dinner could help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to research.

The new study, which analyzed data from 312,400 patients on the UK biobank database, found ingredients in wine, such as antioxidants, could potentially reduce new-onset of the disease.

The results showed that drinking alcohol with meals could decrease your risk of developing the disease by 14 per cent, compared to eating meals without an alcoholic beverage.

Specifically, the benefits related to moderate wine consumption rather than other types of booze.

Moderate drinking is defined as one glass of wine or other alcoholic beverage daily for women and up to two glasses daily for men

In contrast, researchers found that drinking more beer and spirits could actually increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The study’s lead author, Hao Ma, a biostatistical analyst at the Tulane University Obesity Research Center in New Orleans, USA, stated: “The effects of alcohol consumption on health have been described as a double-edged sword because of its apparent abilities to cut deeply in either direction – harmful or helpful, depending on how it is consumed.

“Previous studies have focused on how much people drink and have had mixed results.

“Very few studies have focused on other drinking details, such as the timing of alcohol intake.”

The study found that drinking beer and spirits could actually increase your risk of type 2 diabetes.

He added: “The message from this study is that drinking moderate amounts of wine with meals may prevent type 2 diabetes if you do not have another health condition that may be negatively affected by moderate alcohol consumption and in consultation with your doctor.”

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The study involved an 11-year follow-up where the health of the patients involved was examined.

Findings revealed that around 8,600 of the adults in the study developed type 2 diabetes.

They did not have diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer when they joined the study.

Despite results seeming positive, ex-presidents of the American Heart Association, Robert Eckel, was critical of the findings.

He said: “This data suggests that it’s not the alcohol with meals but other ingredients in wine, perhaps antioxidants, that may be the factor in potentially reducing new-onset type 2 diabetes.

“While the type of wine, red versus white, needs to be defined, and validation of these findings and mechanisms of benefit are needed, the results suggest that if you are consuming alcohol with meals, wine may be a better choice.”

Researchers noted that they were aware of the study’s limitations.

Limitations included that most participants were white adults of European descent who reported their won alcohol intake for the sake of the study.

The preliminary research was presented at the American Heart Association’s Epidemiology, Prevention, Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Conference 2022, and has not yet been peer-reviewed.

Current NHS advices states that men and women should not drink more than 14 units of alcohol per week.

The guidance also states that the weekly units should be spread over three or more days during the week.

A small glass of wine is equivalent to 1.5 units, while a glass of higher strength lager contains three units.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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