Andalusia will dedicate more hours to mathematics, language and English and the second language will be compulsory in 1st year of ESO


The Ministry of Education and Sports has prepared a proposal for a new curriculum, within the framework of the development of the Lomloe for compulsory education and high school, which establishes “a determined commitment to reinforce the knowledge of the fundamental competences with the aim of improving the Andalusian student results “. Thus, as the counselor Javier Imbroda explained this Tuesday, the new curricular structure contemplates increasing the hours of languages ​​(Spanish and foreign languages) by 105, as well as by almost 90 the hours of mathematics in all compulsory education, which means ” the highest hourly load in this area for more than 30 years “.

In addition, in the 2022/2023 academic year, the second foreign language, which is already compulsory in the fifth and sixth years of Primary Education, will also become compulsory in the first year of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO), to give it continuity, and is no longer Compulsory in the first year of Baccalaureate, that is, it becomes optional from the second year of ESO and in Baccalaureate.

This has been explained by the counselor Imbroda and the deputy counselor of the branch, María del Carmen Castillo, in an informative meeting held at the High Performance Center (CEAR) in Seville.

In stages, in Primary, five hours a week will be devoted to mathematics and language from first to fourth, regardless of how much the centers can use in the hours devoted to reinforcing subjects. It means half an hour more of mathematics in the first three years and one more hour of both language and mathematics in the fourth year.

In ESO, one more hour of English and language, in such a way that Andalusian students will dedicate four hours a week to mathematics, language and English in each of the four courses of this stage. In total, it means that in Andalusia students will receive 500 more hours of language and 635 more hours of mathematics than what the Lomloe marks at least between Primary and ESO.

The curricular structure proposed by the council also extends the hours of autonomy so that the centers can develop their own educational projects, in addition to being able to organize the time distribution by cycles instead of course to course to better adapt it to the configuration of their own resources. Thus, in Primary they will have almost 20 additional hours to add to the 365 already existing, with which Andalusian centers “will enjoy one of the highest hourly loads for autonomy in Spain”, Imbroda stressed.

In this way, for example in Religión la Lomloe requires a minimum of 210 hours in the entire course, so that while now in Andalusia 315 hours are being given, in the new curriculum 210 hours will be established. For its part, the hours for Knowledge of the Environment are lowered, from 630 to 525, despite the fact that the Lomloe establishes 480 hours. The hours that are dedicated to Art and Values ​​are increased, since in Andalusia at this time the minimum established by the new norm is not reached, and the hours for foreign language are maintained, already above those established by the Lomloe (360 ).

In ESO, all the centers will have all the courses two hours for optional subjects offered by the counseling, such as robotics, public speaking, second foreign language or music, and those of their own offer, such as photography, statistics or text analysis. As a novelty, the centers will be able to develop their own projects during those hours.

With regard to the Baccalaureate, a third optional subject with two hours of load is included, among which it is possible to choose a subject from another modality, which in that case will have four hours. For example, a science and technology student could choose Universal Literature or Business Economics as an elective, creating a more personalized curriculum based on their interests.

The counselor has highlighted “the coherence of this bet with the improvements introduced and in the same line in the previous curriculum, reinforcing the mathematical and linguistic competences, with the continuity in the impulse of computational thinking and robotics in the curriculum, but also by Humanities, because we maintain our commitment to Classical Culture. We are clear that we are going to offer Philosophy in ESO as an elective, because there is no technology without thought and there is no thought without a humanistic culture “, recalled Imbroda, who also underlined the consolidation of the hours already increased in Physical Education in Primary.

Thus, it has abounded in that “they bet on Steam and the humanities, but always with the freedom of choice and the optional as a flag so that each center can choose their educational project and each student the itinerary that suits them best”.

For his part, Castillo has pointed out that “there will be less flexibility in Secondary from the point of view of the organization of the subjects”, while in Primary “there will be more”, since he added that the ministry “has not established objectives linked to each child, but has marked an exit profile “.

Likewise, he regretted that the Lomloe “is not accompanied by an adequate financing proposal, because to diversify, for improvement programs, attend to diversity or have flexible groups, reinforcements are needed.” “In practice we need funds that the ministry has not foreseen, nor do they appear as the financing of the Lomloe,” he added.


Regarding the changes introduced by the Royal Decree of Evaluation published by the Government of Spain, Imbroda has reaffirmed that unlike what the Ministry proposes, in Andalusia “we are for the culture of effort, because there is no objective, success, dreams, there is nothing you can achieve if it is not through work “, while it has indicated that they will try to publish the instructions for the evaluation in all the educational stages” in the middle of December “. In addition, they have pointed out that the new rule only allows you to repeat twice in all the compulsory teachings.

He said that “we have to assess the application of the Royal Decree for the current academic year taking into account that the Ministry intends to apply a Lomloe assessment to a Lomce curriculum”, structured in core, specific and freely configurable subjects. “As an Administration we have the responsibility of guiding the teaching teams when making the decisions attributed to it by the new law without an established framework and, above all, guaranteeing that the students they promote do so with the necessary skills to be able to continue their process of successful teaching-learning, as established by law “.

In this sense, and after specifying that in the 18/19 academic year “83.5% of the students graduated in the fourth year of ESO and 87.3% last year”, they have explained, regarding the promotion in ESO, that the decisions will be adopted, collegially, by the teaching team, and the permanence in the same course (repetition) will have, as up to now, “an exceptional nature”. In addition, the student will promote with all the passed subjects, one or two subjects with negative evaluation and with subjects with negative evaluation, when “the teaching team considers that these do not prevent them from successfully following the next course and it is estimated that they have favorable expectations of recovery and that such promotion will benefit their academic evolution “.

Castillo has assured that the Royal Decree specifies “the nature of the subjects” as a criterion for promotion, but “the ministry has not clarified what the nature of the subjects means either.” Thus, he affirms that from the educational community “they ask us for guidance to clarify the content of the standard and we are evaluating possible scenarios” and emphasize that the ministry has been asked “to postpone the application of the RD to avoid the Lomloe / Lomce dilemma and we have asked clarifications “, but” we have not received a response “.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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