The Basque Government presented this Tuesday the study entitled “Violence against women in the Basque Country: Social perception and attitudes”, in which it reflects that 84% of the population of the Basque Country believes that combating violence against women is “a priority”.
The study, carried out by the Cabinet of Sociological Prospecting of the Basque Government, shows that “Basque society is today more sensitized than yesterday to equality and increasingly demands measures to end violence against women.”
One of the conclusions of the report is that “the great majority” of the Basque population considers that combating violence against women should be a priority for the Basque Country (84%) and 14% think that “it is important”, but at this moment there are other priorities.
Likewise, the number of citizens who link situations of inequality with violence has grown. 89% of the population is “very or quite in agreement” that, “as long as the situation of inequality between men and women persists, there will continue to be violence against women.” 59% strongly agree with this and 30% strongly agree.
Regarding the perception of the severity of the different forms of violence, the behaviors that the majority of Basque citizens consider the most serious are: hitting, hitting or pushing (92%), forcing them to have sexual relations against their will (87% ), disseminating images, photos or information about the woman without her consent (82%), threatening (75%), preventing relationships with family and friends (75%), controlling through mobile phones and social networks (72%) , not letting decide (65%) or controlling the way of dressing (65%), among others.
On the other hand, in the opinion of 67% of the population, the reason that there is more news about attacks, mistreatment and murders of women by their partners or ex-partners is that more cases come to light than before.
For their part, 19% believe that the reason is that violence has increased and 11% that it is due to both reasons.
Likewise, some stereotypes in relation to gender violence continue to be maintained, such as: “alcohol and drug abuse are behind most acts of sexist violence against women” (50%), “there are many false reports in cases of gender violence “(27%) and” the majority of women victims of gender violence are immigrants “(24%).
The level of knowledge of battered women’s cases has increased since 2004 (it was 18%) and since 2015 (it was 27%). The knowledge of cases of abusive men has also increased, which accounted for 28% in 2015.
In case of witnessing a situation of aggression or mistreatment of a woman, half of the citizens would call the Police (54%), a quarter would confront the aggressor, and 13% would call the attention of other people who could help .
The Basque Executive has also made public an institutional statement in which it expresses its “strongest rejection” of expressions of sexist violence, on the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, which will be celebrated on the 25th. and has made a call to participate in the events that are held for this reason, although with an express location to keep the health prevention measures against covid-19.
The text has been read by the Minister of Equality, Justice and Social Policies, Beatriz Artolazabal, in a public appearance held in Vitoria-Gasteiz after the Governing Council meeting.
With its institutional statement, the regional Executive wanted to show, two days after the celebration of November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against women, its “strongest rejection” of all expressions of sexist violence and its commitment to continue working to move towards “a society free from violence against women.”
George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.