Adults nearly 1 in 5 with high blood pressure take medications like birth control, steroids, antipsychotics, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that could be worsening their blood pressure levels. According to new findings presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 70th Annual Scientific Session, doctors need to pay more attention to what medicines people are taking and how it affects their blood pressure.
According to Dr. John Vitarello (the study’s lead author), an internal medicine resident at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, “These are medications that we commonly take — both over-the-counter and prescribed medications — that may have the unintended side effect of raising blood pressure and could have adverse effects on our heart health.” In earlier research, doctors have identified that people at risk of hypertension will have to make changes in lifestyle to manage hypertension.
The health data of 27,599 people the study evaluated, and these people participated n the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2009 and 2018. Among them, 49% had hypertension. The researchers have identified that people took NSAIDs, steroids, birth control pills, and antipsychotics as medication for high blood pressure. Nearly 19 percent used one or more blood pressure-raising medications, and 4 percent used multiple drugs linked to higher blood pressure. The finding also shows that the blood pressure rate can be improved by 4.8 percent if one of these medications can be stopped.
Affect of drugs on blood pressure –
Many types of drugs can elevate blood pressure. According to Dr. Joyce Oen-Hsiao, an assistant clinical professor at Yale School of Medicine and the director of clinical cardiology at Yale Medicine, NSAIDs, antipsychotics, steroids, oral contraceptives have a clear correlation with raising blood pressure. This is because they can cause patients to retain fluid a little, which will lead to an increase in blood pressure.
According to Dr. Guy Mintz, Northwell Health’s director of cardiovascular health and lipidology at Sandra Atlas Bass Heart Hospital, NSAIDs like ibuprofen can raise blood pressure by impacting blood flow kidneys. Chemicals in the brain can be altered by antidepressants, which can contribute to hypertension. Blood pressure levels can increase by steroids. It can cause the retention of salt and water to increase blood pressure.
Blood pressure affects health –
- If not cured, blood pressure increases the risk of stroke, cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, heart failure, and can cause death.
- Increase of hypertension.