Vaccination against the coronavirus in Spain, last minute

Complete vaccination: 80,36% (38,079,025 people)
At least one dose: 84,59% (40,082,392 people)
Booster dose: 33,26% (15,761,630 people)

Distributed doses: 89.203.408
Administered dose: 85.480.095
% admin.: 95,8%
Dose per 100,000 pop: 180.595
Additional dose: 15.761.630

Vaccination against COVID-19 in Spain has already reached the initial goal of immunizing 70% of the adult population with the full schedule and is moving slowly towards the new purpose to approach group immunity, set at 90%. Today, more than 38 million people -80.2% of the population- have received the complete guideline vaccination against coronavirus. And there are more than 40 million – 84.5% of the population – who have at least one dose, taking into account the injections administered to children between five and eleven years old.

The race continues and the autonomous communities have already nearly 85 million doses of Moderna, AstraZeneca / Oxford, Janssen and Pfizer vaccines -also in pediatric version- against COVID-19 since the vaccination campaign began more than a year ago. Although the daily rate of vaccination of first and second doses has been slowing down for weeks, injections are rebounding due to booster doses and childhood vaccinations. Since the last report, more than 175,000 doses have been administered, most of them corresponding to pediatric vaccination, which began on December 15.

Currently most of the doses that are given are additional for risk groups. In addition, since November 15, booster vaccines have also been injected to those who received the Janssen single-dose.

Summary of the situation

Spain registered the first million immunized on February 12, a month and a half after vaccinations began on December 27 in most of the European Union. Attending only to the population over 12 years old, the target population considered for the vaccination campaign, has received at least one dose, 92.4%, while 90.4% have the complete schedule.

After the brake of the summer months, injected vaccines grow back from mid-October. They do so due to the implementation of the COVID passport in some communities and due to the approval by the Health of the administration of third parties booster dose for immunosuppressed people, elderly in residences, and people over 40 years of age, six months after the second dose and those who have been vaccinated with AstraZeneca, in this case three months after the last puncture.

At the moment and according to the figures that the Government began to publish on October 6, more than 15.7 million people have received a booster dose. 57.3% of those over 40 years of age already have this type of vaccine and the proportion rises to 89.1% among those over 70 years of age. On the other hand, since November 18, 2021 Health provides another data: the percentage of incomplete guidelines, which is now 5%.

Asturias was the first autonomous community to reach 70% of the population fully vaccinated in mid-August and, currently, all the communities and Ceuta have exceeded that threshold, while Melilla remains below.

According to the latest update from the Ministry of Health, more than 89.2 million doses have been delivered in Spain. These include more than 200,000 provided to the Armed Forces and more than 10,000 for Foreign Health. Also more than two million pediatric doses that Spain has been receiving since November 13 and that are being used to vaccinate children from five to eleven years old.

Vaccination in Spain, by age

On December 15, the autonomous communities began to vaccinate minors between the ages of five and eleven. This group is made up of about 3.3 million people, of which more than one million -34.9% – have already joined the rest of the groups of the target population contemplated by the vaccination strategy of the Ministry of Health.

This process began almost a year ago with the inoculation of the vaccine to people who live in residences, toilets and large dependents. Afterwards, the campaign progressed by age group. Thus, the vaccination of those over 80 began, depending on the community, in late February or early March. The goal was to complete his immunization to 80% by the end of March. At the end of April, that the entire population of that age had received at least one dose; and at the end of May, his total immunization.

The vaccination campaign has been extended to the other age groups in a descending manner, although the advance occurs before 100% immunization of each group. Since July 30-year-olds have been vaccinated, shortly thereafter dosing began to 20-year-olds, and adolescents 12 to 19 began receiving the first doses in early August. Nowadays, all age groups of the target population have exceeded 75% of people with complete regimen.

Vaccination and its evolution, by autonomous communities

Spain reached 70% of its population with at least one dose on August 9, 2021 and on August 31, it exceeded that threshold for the population vaccinated with the full schedule. August 12th, Asturias was the first community to vaccinate 70% of its total population Y Eleven territories already exceed 80%. Aragon and Navarra were the last to join, at the beginning of January 2022. However, the rate of vaccination varies to a certain extent between territories, which include in their campaigns the different groups, defined and updated in the national strategy for vaccination.

Vaccination rate

The objective reiterated by the Government was have 70% of the Spanish population immunized thanks to the vaccine by the end of the summer of 2021. Just on the last day of August the threshold of 33 million vaccinated people in Spain was exceeded. Earlier, in May, the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, affirmed that the country was “100 days away from achieving that goal,” but on August 18 – the date on which that deadline was met – there were still around three million people to be vaccinated.

Since then, vaccination has entered another phase in which the focus is on re-catching people who have not been able or have not wanted to be vaccinated, including those under twelve years of age, and on reinforcing those already vaccinated. Thats why he President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, has encouraged to reach 90%; a percentage that could be reached already into the current year.

The Executive has also reported that Spain purchased more than 141.9 million doses by 2021, almost half of them from Pfizer / BioNtech (72.2 million). It is followed by AstraZeneca, with more than 31 million (waiting to receive the final figure for the third quarter from the manufacturer), Moderna (28) and Janssen (10.1).

So far, the Pfizer / BioNtech vaccines are the most regular in their distribution and those that are maintaining the bulk of the vaccination campaign in Spain, although the Oxford / AstraZeneca drug boosted the vaccination rate after the initial uncertainty. On the other hand, Spain will receive more than 18.5 million doses of Moderna between the second and fourth quarters of 2022.

In mid-March, vaccination with AstraZeneca was suspended in Spain, but later the Interterritorial Health gave the green light to administer it only to the 60 to 69-year-old group, although the Interterritorial has lowered that range and will also administer it to vulnerable people. Spain has purchased 12.2 million doses of AstraZeneca for the first three quarters of the year.

After learning the results of the CombivacS trial – volunteers under 60 years of age who received a first dose of AstraZeneca were given a second dose of Pfizer or no brand; it was found that mixing both drugs was safe-, the Public Health Commission has decided that the communities should choose which drug to inoculate as a second prick. Most of them will give a choice, but people who choose AstraZeneca will need to sign a consent.

When the maximum immunization of each vaccine arrives

Refering to maximum effectiveness of the vaccines and taking into account the time that has to pass between the first and the second dose, that of AstraZeneca takes the longest to reach it. Between 10 and 12 weeks have to pass between doses and it takes another four to achieve the highest protection, according to the Ministry of Health. Moderna’s vaccination process takes six weeks and Pfizer’s takes one month.

For its part, the Janssen, which has already been approved by the EU and from which Spain will receive 5.5 million doses from April, get your maximum protection 14 days after the administration of a single dose.

Meanwhile, in the rest of the world, the rate varies according to countries and regions.

About this information

The data in these interactive charts and maps come from official reports published Monday through Friday by the Ministry of Health.

The vaccination projection that calculates when the vaccination goal of 70% of the adult population will be reached is estimated through a linear progression of the complete guidelines that takes into account that the administration of first and second doses alternates every week (except in the case of Johnson & Johnson single-dose vaccines). The calculation of the projection is carried out on Mondays with the data of the previous seven days.

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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