Spain is a country with a Congress fragmented into 19 parties, where only 5 of the 17 autonomous communities have a one-color government and in which General State Budgets are approved thanks to the assistance of 15 political formations. But Spain is also the country in which a large part of its citizens believe that the most effective answer to the great problems of the future will come from the representatives of the ‘old bipartisanship’. To the question of Who do you think is better suited for it?, respondents in the 40dB barometer for SER respond, 75% of the time, between two options: PSOE and PP. Only in three cases, of a more social nature such as the climate crisis or the fight against inequalities, is the PSOE considered more capable together with United We Can.
But the paradox has nuances. The first thing that emerges from the survey data is that there is a deep distrust of politics in general. Citizens do not perceive it as a solution to the main challenges. In 10 of the 12 raised (fight against COVID, inequalities or improvement of the economy) the majority answer is that no training is prepared to face them. The percentage of skeptics shoots up to 30.4% when dealing with aging and low birth rates or up to 29.5% for the climate crisis. Public policies aimed at alleviating these problems do not seem to provide the population with certainties.
– Scope: Spain
– Universe: General population residing in Spain (except Ceuta and Melilla) from 18 years of age and with the right to vote
-Sample size: 2,000 interviews. Quotas by sex, age, Autonomous Community, size of habitat and social class
– Procedure: Online interview
– Sampling error: +/- 2.2% (95% confidence)
– Date of completion: 12/23/2021 to 12/30/2021
Of course, among those who choose to choose a political acronym to face these challenges, the majority prefer the PSOE over the PP. It does so in all cases: it wins both in economic measures (the traditional stronghold of those of Casado) and in social reforms. In the fight against COVID, the distance between the two is 12 points —25.5% versus 14.4— of 8 in the management of Recovery and Resilience funds —25.2% versus 17.7— and 7 in the vision of the future of the public pension system —22.3 versus 15.4—. The difference narrows and stays at one point when it comes to tackling the improvement in the economy —22.4% versus 21—. The same margin that the socialists have with their partners of United We Can in the fight against gender inequality.
PSOE voters distrust United We Can
In a more detailed analysis, the distrust that United We can generate among the electorate of the PSOE is observed. Something that would explain, according to the first installment of the barometer, the scant transfer of votes from the socialists to the purple ones, 4%. Those who opted for the Pedro Sánchez ballot in 2019 choose the PP as a second option for seven of the twelve challenges: job creation, economic growth, management of European funds, the fight against the pandemic or digitization . On the contrary, the United We Can electorate does choose the PSOE as a second response in most cases.
The opinion of socialist voters regarding the solution of the Catalan conflict is significant. 46.6% believe that the most capable of doing so is the party they supported two years ago. 19.4% say they do not see any effective. But among the rest of the possible options, Sánchez’s electorate assures that Vox (9.5%) has a better response to the sovereign challenge than the PP (7.9%) or its own coalition partners, to whom they give less than half as many points as the extreme right (4.25). Among the rest of the formations there is a logical response order.
Co-governance disappoints the majority
In general, the measures taken by the Government to combat COVID-19 have the support of the majority of the population, regardless of their ideology. 55% of those surveyed consider it positive that the state of alarm and strict confinement are declared before the development of vaccines. The herd immunization campaign is in fact the strategy with the most social consensus. 63% consider that it has gone well or very well. Support is obviously more widespread among left-wing voters. Citizens only put one suspense: co-governance with the autonomous communities. 61% consider themselves disappointed or believe that it has not been effective.
George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.