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The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the COVID-19 disease, has so far caused more than 300 million cases in the world, with about 5.5 million dead due to COVID-19, according to the independent count of Johns Hopkins University, which monitors the situation of the coronavirus with the general data of all the countries of the world since the beginning of the pandemic.
Thus he has detailed that during the last day more than 2.4 million positives have been confirmed worldwide, with about 7,000 deaths, amid a rebound in the figures driven by the spread of the omicron variant. With this acceleration of infections, the world surpassed on January 3 for the first time the barrier of two million cases in just 24 hours, the highest registered in a single day, after closing 2021 for the first time above one million of daily infections.
The United States is the country with the highest death toll, with 834,000 deaths; followed by Brazil, over 619,000; and India with 483,000 dead.
This is how the number of cases and deaths in the world evolves.
At the beginning of August 2021, the world exceeded 200 million reported cases. It did so just six months after surpassing 100 million. The country with the most infections in absolute terms continues to be the United States, followed by India and Brazil.
During the week of December 27, 2021 to January 2, 2022, the COVID-19 infections have risen 70% worldwide, a percentage never seen before, visibly multiplying the upward trend so far gradual that began in October, while the number of deaths fell by 10%, according to the latest weekly report from the World Health Organization (WHO). In the last seven days there have been 9.5 million infections, more than double the previous one, and more than 41,000 deaths, in what is the fourth consecutive week of declines in deaths despite the current virulent wave of infections.
Paradoxically America, the continent where the increase in cases was higher (100%), was also the region where deaths fell the most (18%), while in Europe, with a 65% increase in positives, deaths were down 6%.
In absolute figures, Europe was the continent with the most infections registered in the study week (5.3 million) and more deaths (22,000), while in America 3.2 million positives and 10,000 deaths were reported. At the current rate, Europe, with 103 million cases since the start of the pandemic, will soon overtake America. (104 million) in confirmed COVID-19 infections.
In Africa, the continent where the omicron variant was first detected, cases only increased by 7% last week, the lowest percentage by region, although deaths rose by 22% (1,100 in the seven days studied). In the rest of the regions there were decreases in deaths, including South Asia, where deaths fell 7% despite the strong growth of 78% in new infections.
Begining of June, Peru carried out a review of your data that involved the incorporation of more than 115,000 deceased for coronavirus to their official statistics. With more than 202,000 registered deaths, the South American country has thus become the one with the highest mortality rate in the world.
All in all, the official COVID-19 death count is certainly lower than the excess of actual deaths. The WHO itself estimates that the real numbers of deaths from coronavirus are two or three times higher than the official count, due in large part to the collapse experienced in the health system of many countries that has prevented a faithful monitoring of the impact of the disease.
Data by continents
In U.S, the nation most affected, the arrival to the White House of Democrat Joe Biden marked a change of course in the management of the pandemic. On the other hand, China, the epicenter country of the outbreak, has contained the advance of the pandemic for months. Now in Asia the most affected country is India, the second most populous in the world, which has not been able to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2.
In Africa, the rate of infections has accelerated. The continent exceeds 9.8 million cases and 227,000 deaths, when the percentages of vaccination are still very low. And in Latin America, the countries with the most new cases are Brazil, Colombia and Argentina.
In Oceania, the keynote has been severe restrictions. Australia, which has registered more than 600,000 infections and about 2,200 deaths, was seen forced to impose restrictions in summer after controlling the spread of the coronavirus for several months. New Zealand, which imposed a very strict confinement, declared the country free of coronavirus in the summer of 2020 and it did it again in December after controlling its active outbreaks.
The coronavirus, which has already left more than five million deaths worldwide, has, however, had a unequal lethality in each territoryAlthough the United States, Brazil and India are the three countries with the most deaths in absolute terms, the comparison between the deaths of countries with more than one million inhabitants in relation to their population reveals that Peru is the one with the highest mortality rate, with 614 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Spain, which came to occupy the second place in this ranking, currently reports a rate of 191 deaths and is no longer among the twenty with the highest mortality.
The following graph shows the accumulated data of the pandemic in each continent and the proportion that it supposes with respect to the total. America accumulates 36% of diagnoses and 44% of deaths, while around the 30% of infections and deaths have occurred in Europe.
However, this distribution has not always been this way. The virus has already been around the world several times. Since the pandemic broke out in China at the end of 2019, the different waves of infections and deaths have affected the planet unevenly. Cases grew in Europe in March 2020, although the virus soon hit America, and in October already one million deaths were reached on a global scale. In January 2021, the coronavirus exceeded one hundred million people infected and a few months later it reached two hundred. The advancement of new variants, such as the delta and the recent omicron, has caused cases to accelerate around the globe.
The pandemic in Spain
The coronavirus spread through Spain since February 2020 and in mid-March forced to impose the state of alarm to try to stop the infections and alleviate saturation in hospitals. For more than two months, the Spanish suffered one of the strictest confinements in the world, which did not prevent them from health services were outmatched in many places before achieving flattening the curve.
With everything, Spain continues to be one of the countries with the most cases and deaths with COVID-19 on the planet And after a rebound in SARS-CoV-2 in the summer, it is in a better state, thanks in large part to the high coverage of its vaccination campaign. How is the situation now?
Methodology and sources
For the preparation of this information, data from the Ministry of Health or official sources of each country were used, which were combined with those offered on a global scale by the Johns Hopkins University Science and Engineering Center in the United States. However, the latter is the only source of data for the graphs of this news since August 2021. However, the information from this body is periodically checked with official sources to ensure its accuracy.
To reduce the inconsistency of the data pending consolidation, the curves of cases, countries that have reported the most cases in the last 14 days and deaths only reach up to three days before the current date.
We use the definition of countries set by the United Nations: 193 countries, Palestine and the Vatican. Since last July, the graph of daily deaths per 100,000 inhabitants shows the countries that have registered at least 100 deaths and that are among the 15 most populous on each continent.
For its part, the table of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the world ranks the countries from highest to lowest cumulative incidence. To harmonize this measure in all latitudes, the definition of cases per 100,000 inhabitants notified in the last 14 days is used, the evolution of which can be seen in the graph that accompanies each territory. The variation of the incidence is calculated with respect to the period of 14 days immediately after that contemplated in the main indicator. Regarding deaths, the deaths reported in the last seven days and their rate per 100,000 inhabitants are shown with respect to the population of each country.
George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.