10,000 million doses of the COVID vaccine in the world

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Vaccination against the coronavirus in the world has reached a new milestone this week: the administration of more than 10,000 million doses. More than twelve months have passed since the first doses began to circulate in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States, pioneers in this race. With the latest data from Our World In Data, more than 10,000 million have already been administered in 189 countries, 17.76 million in the last day and with an average of 25 million inoculations in the most recent dates, although the pace has been braking. The record for daily injections was recorded on January 10, when more than 59 million were recorded in a single day.

After a year and with the worst numbers of infections recorded in the entire pandemic, the data on hospital admissions, as well as deaths, show that the vaccines work. But the good news does not reach everyone equally. The differences between regions -and, above all, between incomes- continue to mark the course of the fight against the disease. And although containing the pandemic requires it, it does not seem that the gap will disappear in the short term.

1. 70% of the world population vaccinated in 2022. Is it possible?

Inequality also makes its way in times of adversity, something that the World Health Organization (WHO) has denounced since the start of the pandemic. Therefore, its general manager, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, called for the end of 2021 and marked July this year as the deadline to have 70% of the global population vaccinated.

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But is it possible to achieve it in less than six months? With the information from Our World In Data (OWID) and, taking into account the daily average of people who received second doses in the last two weeks, many territories would be left without reaching this goal. The following graph shows that much of africa would not achieve herd immunity, but neither countries in Europe, Latin America and Oceania. not even the united statesone of the first territories to start mass vaccination.

Adhanom Ghebreyesus urged “the leaders of the rich countries” and the pharmaceutical industries to work together after “the lessons of alpha, beta, gamma, delta and now omicron”. At the moment, the WHO reported in mid-January of this year that, thanks to COVAX (Global Access Fund for COVID-19 Vaccines), more than 1,000 million vaccines had already been distributed among countries with fewer resources.

However, the organization’s claims have not always been met. For this reason, this new goal of 70% seeks to remedy the previous objective, which sought to have 40% of the population vaccinated in 2021. A large part of the countries in Africa and some in Europe, Asia and Oceania have not even reached that percentage yet.

2. Around the clock with third and fourth doses

And while the WHO requested in August 2021 that third doses not be administered until the entire planet had the complete guideline, countries like Israel Y chili they already inoculate a fourth. In Europe, the third puncture is recommended for those over 18 years of age; Spain has also lowered the threshold to meet European standards and is not considering, at the moment, talking about more additional inoculations.

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In the following graph you can see that the income level of the countries also affects the administration of different types of doses. If the booster doses already distributed among the highest income countries are taken into account, these double all those administered in regions with lower incomes where, in many cases, the vaccination schedule has not yet been closed.

And if the income level is further divided, the differences remain very pronounced.

3. The road to here and the future from now

As can be seen in the following graph, the minimum point in recent months in the vaccination rate was located on October 17, when it began to regain strength after practically a month of decline. Despite the comeback, for a week the curve has descended again.

And from here, where to go? A few weeks ago, the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, announced the Executive’s intention to carry out a plan so that the coronavirus would be treated as just another respiratory disease. By extension, the Ministry of Health, led by Carolina Darias, assured, however, that the “influenza” project would not be launched until the end of the sixth wave, and that they intended to present the idea to their European partners.

This purpose is also part of WHO’s future strategy. The organization will publish, foreseeably at the end of February, a transition plan to bring the current management of the pandemic to a “control phase” to replace the current emergency situation. This was reported last Monday by the agency’s director of Health Emergencies, Mike Ryan.

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The ultimate goal will be “sustained control” of the disease, as is the case with the flu. However, Ryan cautioned that some prerequisites had to be met first, “such as reducing runaway infection, especially in vulnerable populations, and reducing the risk of new variants emerging.”

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George Holan

George Holan is chief editor at Plainsmen Post and has articles published in many notable publications in the last decade.

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