[This article was originally published in 2018]
Many people can claim to know how to spot the telltale signs of pregnancy.
However, there are a variety of early pregnancy symptoms that some are probably less aware of, such as implantation spots and leg cramps.
Pregnancy tests may not always show the correct results right away, so it’s important to be aware of the other signs that a woman is in her first trimester.
Here are 10 early signs of pregnancy that everyone should be aware of.
missing a period
Missing a period is one of the most well-known signs that a woman may be in the early stages of pregnancy.
During menstruation, the lining of the uterus breaks down and sheds in the form of a period, which usually lasts three to seven days.
When a woman becomes pregnant, the continued production of the hormone progesterone maintains the lining of the uterus, which means that she will not experience periods as the lining of the uterus no longer sheds.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman may experience leg and foot cramps.
According to Clearblue, this is due to a change in the way the body processes calcium.
“Much of the calcium you get in your normal diet is used by your body to help build your baby’s bones, teeth, and other organs,” wrote Dr. MD Mazumdar, senior consultant gynecologist at SM Polyclinic.
“This lowers your own body’s calcium ratio, weakening your bones and muscles.”
Another common symptom that women may notice as their bodies begin to change during pregnancy is increased breast tenderness.
Not only can your breasts feel more sore and tender than normal, but they can also increase in size, as explained by the NHS.
Other physical changes to the breasts may include more visible veins and darkening of the nipples.
When a woman becomes pregnant, the hormonal changes that occur can make her feel increasingly tired.
An increase in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone can lead to immense fatigue, especially during the first trimester.
Morning sickness is a term often used to describe the nausea that some women have to deal with when having a child.
However, morning sickness can occur at any time of the day.
Women who experience morning sickness may do so around six weeks after their last period, as established by the NHS.
Although women do not have periods during pregnancy, they can still experience spotting from time to time.
About one in four pregnant women will bleed lightly during the first trimester, according to BabyCenter.
Implantation bleeding can occur about a week after ovulation when the fertilized egg implants in the lining of the uterus.
It is a well-known fact that women can experience a change in their taste preferences during pregnancy.
They may develop an aversion to foods they used to love, while at the same time craving foods they used to hate.
According to the NHS, pregnant women may also notice an increase in the strength of their senses, particularly smell.
As mentioned above, a pregnant woman’s body will experience a dramatic increase in the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the blood.
This can lead to mood swings during early pregnancy, as stated by Clearblue.
Bringing a baby into the world is an emotional experience, so a combination of hormonal changes and the overwhelming nature of pregnancy can cause a wide variety of feelings to bubble to the surface.
frequent trips to the bathroom
Women in the early stages of pregnancy are likely to experience an increased need to use the bathroom more often.
This is due to increased blood flow to the kidneys, as claimed by Kidspot.
Also, the increasing size of the uterus during the first trimester can also put pressure on the bladder.
While this term may not be very familiar, it affects one in 100 pregnant women, Clearblue states.
Hyperemesis gravidarum refers to severe vomiting during pregnancy.
Women who experience hyperemesis gravidarum may continue to do so throughout their pregnancy, although symptoms may improve over time.
It is important for pregnant women to seek the advice of a doctor if they experience severe nausea and vomiting.